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The right to Salvador

Alexander Macfarlane | Brazil

Salvador de Bahia is the 4th largest city in Brazil, and is situated in the Northeast of the country.

Salvador is Brazil’s fourth largest city, situated in the state of Northeastern state of Bahia, and is the centre of Afro-Brazilian culture.

Similar to cities across the rest of Brazil, Salvador has urbanised in an unequal and exclusionary way. Poverty and exclusion are closely linked, with social differentiation marked clearly in space.

The unequal distribution of land and property in Salvador has led to the segregation of the poor from the wealthy, a division which also has strong racial and cultural dimensions.

The right to the city – a concept developed Henri Lefebvre – deals with the struggles of social movements for a radical change in gaining better access to the city, and to transform it.

In Salvador contestations have emerged in which residents use space to challenge exclusion, with occupations of land and buildings just one way that poor residents of Salvador have attempted to access the right to housing and urban life as a way to try to achieve a recognition of their rights and to engage equally in urban life.

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