The economy of Bangladesh is entirely depends on the Garments sector and the proportion is 80%. But the salary of a garments worker is less than $50 USD per month.
Mainly garments workers are come from villages and lives in slums in different part of town. They earn very small amount of money as tk. 4000-5000 only. Within this small amount they have to manage their live hood including feeding his family members, giving house rent, transport cost, cost of clothes etc.
Normally, in a factory or Garments has 8 working hours but in Bangladesh most of them have to work 10-12hours. A garments worker have to attend his factory within 8am so that they have to hire a room near the factory where four to five huddle in a room and spend life in sub human condition. In that situation they are using one common latrine and a kitchen. And the total cost of this sub human condition is Tk=2000-2500.They share this amount among themselves to minimize their expense for live hood. After laborious job they come into their roost, cook their food and have their dinner or lunch in unhygienic floor or bed and sleep where they take their food. They share the single bed or sleep on the floor.
On the other hand, the owners of these factories are lives a luxurious live. They drive the most luxurious car and live in most luxurious house. But they never think about their worker who are working for them and make them avail to live luxuriously. Will these self-interested owners ever think of these workers how to make their better living for the sake of humanity by providing better accommodation/facilities?
Most of the garment factories in our country lack the basic facilities where our garment worker works all day long to earn the major portion of foreign exchange. Moreover in most of the factory, there are lacks of proper ventilation, airless situation; grubby rooms are seemed often. If any worker feel sick or couldn’t come to office because some unavoidable reason then it will not conceded and deduct their salary as per hour basis. The main concentration of owners is only their profit and this attitude has gone to such an extent that they do not care about their lives. In world, other countries like China, Italy provide the better facilities then Bangladesh as they first ensure the safety of their workers and well working environment so that the workers are getting better life. But in our countries most the workers get sick because of unhygienic environment.
In the 24th April 2013, the 8th stored Rana Plaza collapsed at Shavar, Dhaka. The Rana Plaza that has four garments, a bank, and commercial shops including electronics, clothes, collapsed in the morning around 8.30 AM, hour after garment workers were forced to join work. The shops and the bank on the lower floors immediately closed after cracks were discovered in the building. Warnings to avoid using the building after cracks appeared the day before had been ignored. The search for the dead ended on 13 May with the death toll of 1,133. Approximately 2,500 injured people were rescued from the building alive. Among of the dead bodies, it was impossible to identify 291 bodies. 300 people are still missing and approximate 45 people lost their hand or leg. Their hand or leg amputated inside the rubble by general rescue worker using butcher knives or hacksaws blade and without anesthesia to free the workers who were trapped under the rubble of Rana Plaza.
It is considered to be the deadliest garment-factory accident in history, as well as the deadliest accidental structural failure in modern human history.
The Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association president confirmed that 3,122 workers were in the building at the time of the collapse but the actual number of people was much more than that. More than half of the victims were women. Army, fire service personnel, police and Rapid Action Battalion troops were assisting with the rescue effort. Volunteer rescue workers used bolts of fabric to assist survivors to escape from the building.
On 8 May an army spokesman, Mir Rabbi, said the army's attempt to recover more bodies from the rubble would continue for at least another week. And then on 10 May, 17 days after the collapse, a woman named Reshma was found and rescued alive and almost unhurt under the rubble.
Aroti (16 years old garments worker) was stuck in under the rubble of the collapsed building for three days before being rescued. It was dark and full with dust, two other bodies were pressing on her right leg with a pillar on top. There was not a single inch to move; it was hot, difficult to breathe and not a single drop of water to drink. After 72 hours when she was pulled out from the rubble, the doctors realized that they need to amputate her right leg to save her life. Her mother also worked in one of the garment industries that collapsed. Although Aroti was rescued but her mother had lost her life. Now she is left with three sisters who depended on her and her mother’s income. The youngest is only two years old who still cries searching for her mother. Her father is a day laborer fears for the future of her daughter.
The injured people are still fighting for survive. They don’t know what will be happen in the future. Most of them still now admitted in the hospital.
The relatives of the missing people still come in front of the collapsed building and they believe that one day their son, daughter or parents will return in home.
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Suvra Kanti Das
email: [email protected]