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Europe´s South Frontier

Javier Fergo | Spain

An african migrant at Tarifa port after been rescued at Gibraltar Strait while travelling on a rubber dinghy from Morocco. A large scar can be seen in his forehead.

The sea route between Morocco and Spain postulates as the next massive migrant gateway into Europe.

Crossing the Mediterranean sea from Morocco to Spain is the fastest-growing route into Europe, according to the United Nations, the number of migrants taking this route has tripled in the past few months.

The dramatic situation in Libya, with higher casualties than the case of Spain might be shadowing this growing issue. However, this route is the one which has seen a more significant increase in numbers in the first semester of the year, consequently, Spain holds an infamous second position on dead toll in theirs waters, surpassing Greece.

The Western Mediterranean route had an apogee in the 1990s, at that time those who crossed on dinghies (pateras) were the so-called economic migrants, mainly from Northern African countries. Nowadays, the majority come from sub-Saharan African countries.

Spanish authorities are struggling to cope with the amount of people arriving. Spanish coastguards rescue people on a daily basis, mainly in the area between the Strait of Gibraltar, and the Alboran Sea.



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